Directed by: Elliott Nugent
Starring: Bob Hope, Paulette Goddard, John Beal, Douglass Montgomery, Gale Sondergaard, George Zucco
The Asheville Film Society’s Halloween offering (even if not quite on Halloween) is the 1939 Bob Hope version of the venerable old dark-house mystery The Cat and the Canary, and while it’s not as stylistically impressive as the 1927 Paul Leni silent, it’s probably an all around more successful film. Strangely, considering it’s a Bob Hope movie (the one that made him a star in fact), the comedy element is less intrusive here than the broad slapstick of the silent. This is one of those rarely seen titles that popped up a few times in the 1980s and then just vanished until recently. The film follows its 1920s source play pretty closely: the will reading at midnight in an isolated creepy mansion, an escaped homicidal maniac called “the Cat,” an heiress being driven insane by the next relative in line for the estate. And the horror/thrill content is surprisingly high, especially in the last act. If anything, Hope’s quips act as uneasy punctuation and enhance the mood.
Paramount had signed Hope in 1938 and launched him—and what would become his theme song, “Thanks for the Memory”—in The Big Broadcast of 1938. This auspicious beginning gave way to five pictures that ranged from OK to plain awful before producer Arthur Hornblow Jr. came up with the idea of fitting him into John Willard’s 1922 “melodrama in three acts,” The Cat and the Canary. Not surprisingly, Hope’s character’s name was changed from Paul Jones in the play (Paul Jones being the name of another Paramount producer). He became Wally Campbell, and his brash screen persona was given free rein by making him a radio actor and former vaudevillian (something that—with slight variations—became a staple in Hope’s best films). This also allowed for exchanges like Cousin Cicily (Nydia Westman) asking if big empty houses don’t scare him and Wally answering, “Not me. I used to be in vaudeville.”
The whole play was slightly streamlined and updated. Strangely, the 1927 version had retained the housekeeper’s name Mammy Pleasant, but cast a white actress in the role and removed all the play’s voodoo references. Here Mammy Pleasant has becomes Miss Lu and is played by sinister and svelte Gale Sondergaard. The old dark house on the Hudson River has been relocated to an island in the Louisiana bayous, which makes the business of the characters being stranded there a little more explicable. But in the main, the film sticks to the play in terms of plot and tone, which is in its favor, since the play essentially defined the genre.
It all revolves around Lawyer Crosby (George Zucco) assembling the possible heirs to the Norman estate at the house at midnight 10 years after the death of Cyrus Norman as per the instructions of the old boy. (Since Hope’s famous teaming with Bing Crosby wouldn’t happen till his next movie, no joke is made out of the lawyer’s name.) Like the play, the whole of the estate turns out to go to pretty young heiress Joyce Norman (Paulette Goddard), but unlike the play, the film realizes that this has become a cliché since 1922 and has Wally make wisecracks about it and predict what will happen.
Naturally, the will contains one of those clauses providing for an alternative heir that places the leading lady in mortal peril—or at least her sanity, since insanity also disqualifies her. Toss in a maniac on the loose—“He has sharp teeth and long fingers and fingernails like claws and when he’s violent he crawls around on all fours like a cat” (“What some guys won’t do for a laugh,” interjects Hope)—and a missing necklace and you have the recipe for a solid 72 minutes of entertainment. The mix proved so successful that Paramount dusted off an even older play, The Ghost Breaker, turned it into The Ghost Breakers and put Hope and Goddard in that the following year to even greater effect.
Everyone is at the top of his or her game in the film. Hope is perfect and he and Goddard make a good team. Gale Sondergaard is every inch the creepy housekeeper. George Zucco gets every ounce of good out of the sympathetic, yet sinister role of the lawyer. The indispensable Elizabeth Patterson had already played her character in the lost 1930 version, The Cat Creeps. Nothing in Elliott Nugent’s filmography suggested that he was in tune with the atmosphere needed here, but he certainly delivered—and wisely opted to play the climax for straight horror. If only all comedy thrillers were this good!
In addition to The Cat and the Canary, the 1934 Bob Hope short Paree, Paree—a streamlined and sanitized version (even the name of the racehorse is changed from Pansy to Patsy, just so nobody got the wrong idea) of the Cole Porter show 50 Million Frenchmen—will be shown. Interestingly, this had been filmed under its own title in 1931, but with all the songs relegated to background scoring (musicals were briefly out of vogue with audiences). As a result, Hope got to introduce two Porter standards—“You Do Something to Me” and “You’ve Got That Thing”—to moviegoers.
The Asheville Film Society will screen The Cat and the Canary Tuesday, Oct. 26, at 8 p.m. in the Cinema Lounge of The Carolina Asheville. Hosted by Xpress movie critics Ken Hanke and Justin Souther. Hanke is the artistic director of the Asheville Film Society.